Sustainable development depends on the services of natural habitats
“Many studies have shown that natural ecosystems provide services that depend on human well-being and the sustainable development of societies,” said Eco Economic Cooperation Institute’s Institute of Science and Technology (ECO).
According to Parma, Asghar Mohammadi Fazel in an interview with the IRNA correspondent, referring to the publication of the recent report by the Secretariat of the World Organization for the Biodiversity and Natural Resources Service (IPBES), which is the result of coherent studies coordinated by dozens of scientists from all over the world. : Natural ecosystem services are important for food, water, energy, security, health and culture, and there is ample evidence that human well-being is deeply related to the quality of nature conservation.
“Although the Asian continent is experiencing rapid economic growth compared to the rest of the world, at the same time, it’s one of the highest rates,” said the university professor, pointing out that some national development theories insist that Iran should benchmark one or more Asian countries. Environmental degradation and consequently environmental costs, and the same recent studies have shown that the continent of Asia with an average growth rate of 8%, the fastest urbanization rate in the world and the highest level of conversion and destruction of agricultural land, and There are many social and economic changes that occur at the cost of biodiversity loss in the H region Is connected.
*** ECO Institute of Science and Technology;
Considering the role and importance of the environment in the flourishing, growth and development of the countries and based on the suggestion of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the second meeting of the environmental ministers of the Organization for Economic Cooperation (ECO) in 2004, the establishment of the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology ECO was approved and The year 89 was set up at the Faculty of Environment.
The goal of the establishment of this institute for the production of science and technology, capacity building and human resource development, the promotion of scientific and technical cooperation and exchange of experiences in the field of environmental protection and strengthening multilateral cooperation to allocate financial resources for environmental protection in member countries Echo is
The chairman of the institute in another part of the conversation with IRNA said expansion of poverty and increased demand for services from nature led to the loss of 400 million of the world’s poorest 767 million people on the Asian continent, and eradicating this widespread poverty requires several strategies, including Managing sustainable food production is essential; therefore, maintaining the basic principles of natural habitats for the maintenance and maintenance of groundwater resources is essential in order to provide water dependent products and services to provide livelihoods and help reduce poverty.
Echo’s Institute for Environmental Science and Technology, chairman of the Eco Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, pointed out the significant data that shows that in countries where people have a lot of spiritual and cultural significance, native services are also worthy of value: Nature’s share Improving the quality of life has proven to be proven, and all of the world’s experiences show the destruction of biodiversity and, consequently, the elimination of indigenous services by forests, mountainous regions, current waters, domestic wetlands and coastlines, the most threatening for developing countries. Make up
Fazil noted that, between 1990 and 2015, about 13 percent of the forests in southeast Asia were destroyed due to wood harvesting, large-scale agricultural production and shrimp spreading, saying that many Asian countries now have to compensate for damage caused by Destruction of nature has devoted enormous budgets to rehabilitating areas that will account for a large share of their national income, and in just one South-East Asian country, the funds needed to revive about 20% of the forest cover in temperate regions are 5 times higher than the incomes Their destruction is estimated.
He added that the population of many animal species is limited to protected areas, and in addition to the risk of extinction of vertebrates, abundance of services, including pollination and seed dispersal, has also declined and foreign species have increased, With increasing trade and transboundary transportation, food security threatens nations.
“On the other hand, increased industrial, electronic and food waste has grown worldwide as urbanization has grown, and now 80 percent of the world’s largest rivers, carrying the largest amount of plastic waste, are located on the continent of Asia. And 95% of the global weight of plastic in the oceans.
The former head of the environmental university emphasized that due to the high level of production, traditional knowledge and indigenous and local cultivars, attention has been paid to the importance of the issue when it comes to recognizing that Asiatic farms account for 30% of agricultural land The world and 87 percent of the world’s small farms, most of which support native products, have declined by about 70 percent because of the development of single-crop farming, the planting of indigenous plants, which is considered a global genetic reserve.
Fadel also considers the livelihoods of billions of inhabitants of the Asia-Pacific region to be dependent on domestic and ocean water, indicating that about 90 percent of the world’s aquaculture production is in Asia, adding: Unfortunately, about 40 percent of these species Due to industrial pollution, the development of cities and the invasion of plant and animal species are threatened, while climate change has led to an increase in natural and destructive events and an increase in the frequency of pests and diseases, and thus a negative impact on food security, health and well-being. It has been human, simultaneously rising sea levels, severe flood and melting of medical glaciers. Probably, changing the rainfall regime, the frequency of events such as floods and droughts and the prevalence of pests and diseases, examples of the effects of the destruction of the biodiversity